Sugar maple Leaf: 3 to 6" opposite, simple leaf with 3 to 5 lobes; excellent fall color - yellow, orange and red tones. Look closely at the color of the leaves. The fruits are paired samaras. Other things being equal, higher sap sugar content translates to lower costs of production and greater profits. Furthermore, some maples produce a bird’s-eye or curly wood, which is high prized for its beauty. Flower: Light yellow-green, small, clustered, hanging from a long, slender (1 to 3 inch) stem, appearing with or slightly before … Two years after the introduction of the Newton Cemetery tree, Mr. Temple introduced another upright maple which he called Monumentale. The way to tell Red Maple and Sugar Maple apart is by the bark. Similar to sugar maple with, perhaps, a slightly larger seed. Other Species Easily Confused With: Red maple, bigleaf maple, birches Susceptible to leaf scorch, verticillium wilt, tar spot and anthracnose. Its use as an ornamental and street tree, at least in urban areas, has been discontinued in recent years because the wood of silver maple is very brittle and often breaks in severe wind, snow or ice storms. In other areas, red maple may be tapped along with sugar and black maples. It is recognized by the opposite paired arrangements of its leaves and branches, its 7lobed leaf without marginal teeth, and its 11/2 to 2 inch long samara with divergent wings (Figure 3.12). It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches, its 3-lobed leaf with fine teeth on the margin, and striping on the branches and young trunks. Identification of the Sugar Maple: Like other maples, Sugar Maples have opposite, lobed leaves. It is important to emphasize that good, high-quality maple syrup can be made from red maple sap. Sugar maple leaves are three to five inches wide and have five lobes with a round base. In some areas of the commercial maple range, red maple is the only maple present on many sites. Also known as rock maple, sugar maple (Acer saccharum) is a deciduous tree well known for its ability to produce sap from which maple syrup is derived. Sugar Maples & Insect Problems. Acer saccharum identification sugar maple tree branches Woody plants Jerry Jenkins, White Creek, N.Y. First, its sugar content is usually lower than red maple's, perhaps as much as 1/2 percent or more, which means even higher production costs and lower profits. If you are thinking of planting sugar maple trees, you probably already know that sugar maple are among the best-loved trees on the continent. Because of the wide variety of sites on which red maple will grow, it is found growing naturally in pure stands and with an enormous variety of other tree species ranging from gray birch and paper birch, to yellow poplar and black cherry, and including sugar and black maple. Pests include borers and cottony maple scale. It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches and its 3lobed leaf with coarse teeth. Similar to sugar maple but usually darker and more deeply grooved or furrowed. Although it develops best on moderately well-drained to well-drained, moist soils, it commonly grows in conditions ranging from dry ridges to swamps. Narrow, scaly ridges: Norway maple, box elder and red maple share this feature. Photo © Yann Kemper, Public Domain. Four states have picked this tree as their state tree – New York, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Vermont – and it is also the national tree of Canada. Bigleaf maple typically has a pinkish cast to it. Once you have established you tree is part of the Acer family, you need to identify the right specie. The term "buddy sap" is often applied to late season sap which produces syrup with a very disagreeable flavor and odor. This lower sap sugar content translates to higher costs of production and lower profits. 5-7 inches wide; deeply clefted; 5-lobed with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip; light green upper surface and a silvery white underside; leaf margin with fine teeth (but not the inner edges of the sinuses). Silver maple's growth rate often responds dramatically to thinning or release cutting. Sugar maple trees can grow to be 100 feet tall. The sap of Norway maple is not commonly used to produce maple syrup. Healthy sugar and black maple trees growing in overstocked uneven-aged or even-aged stands can be expected to achieve tapable size in 40 to 60 years, depending on overall site quality. Silver and sugar maple are easy to tell apart by leaf, buds, and growth habit. Other popular varieties of maple trees for gardens are the Amur Maple (Acer ginnala), Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum), and the Hedge Maple tree (Acer campestre). On young trees light gray to brown and somewhat smooth; on older trees gray to almost black with irregular plates or scales. Smooth grayish bark on the trunk and branches gradually furrows with age. Sugar and black maple have the highest sap sugar content of any of the native maples. This week’s tree is easy to identify by its twig. Learn how to identify sugar maple trees to make maple syrup. Maple Tree Identification. Norway Maple is frequent in urban areas where it is planted as a street tree or invasive in vacant lots. Other Common Names/Trade Names: Hard maple Scientific Name: Acer saccharum Best Characteristics for Identification: Rays wider than pores. Species. It has a dense crown of leaves, which turn various shades of gold to scarlet in fall.Its three- to five-lobed leaves appear after the greenish yellow flowers of spring. Acer saccharum identification sugar maple tree branches Woody plants Jerry Jenkins, White Creek, N.Y. The real difference is that the Red Maple has lighter and smoother bark then the Sugar Maple. A somewhat shiny, brownish, slender, relatively smooth twig with. The silhouette of the sugar maple leaf is the … The black maple is a large, deciduous tree 60 to 80 ft in height with a dense, rounded crown and a straight trunk up to 4 ft in diameter. Means of Distinguishing Similar Species : Wood is typically lighter in color than red maple. The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) is a common tree in northeastern North America, prized for its wood, its brilliant fall foliage and its sap for maple syrup in the spring.Like the white ash, the sugar maple is … Mature trees commonly average between 20 and 30 inches in diameter and 60 and 90 feet tall. Young trees up to 4-8 inches with smooth gray bark. When compared to sugar, black and red maple, silver maple is a distinctly fourth choice for sugaring for several reasons. Compared to sugar and black maple, red maple is a relatively short-lived tree, rarely living longer than 150 years. Both species are relatively long lived, capable of living well beyond 200 years, with trunk diameters greater than 30 inches and heights greater than 100 feet. Neither of these species is commonly tapped. Also the Red Maple has a bitter sap as compared to the Sugar Maple. The light-colored wood is used for furniture, flooring, cabinets, charcoal and firewood. East to the Appalachian Mountains. margin. One either taps red maple or they don't sugar. Striped maple is a small slender tree which rarely attains tapable size. Maple Tree Identification. Sugar maple, (Acer saccharum), also called hard maple or rock maple, large tree in the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), native to eastern North America and widely grown as an ornamental and shade tree. Both species are also found in stands composed of trees that are essentially all the same age (size). This is a blog about tree branches: what they look like, how they develop, how they differ between species, and how you can use them to identify trees in winter. Sugar sand or niter is the salt that precipitates during the evaporation process. Trees planted by colonial settlers survive to this day, often with large, gnarly trunks and deeply fissured bark. However, for sugaring, red maple does have three important weaknesses. sugar maple Aceraceae Acer saccharum Marshall symbol: ACSA3 Leaf: Opposite, simple and palmately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, 5 delicately rounded lobes, entire margin; green above, paler below. There only slight overlap in habitat: silver maple usually grows closer to water and sugar maple on well-drained sites. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. Throughout much of the commercial maple region, however, most maple producers will not tap silver maple. Wide, irregular strips: The sugar maple has dark grayish-brown bark with wide, vertical strips that curl outward at the edges. Its form and bark make this an attractive tree in the winter as well. Bigleaf or Acer macrophyllum. From the perspective of producing maple syrup, red maple's most attractive characteristic is its ability to thrive on a wide variety of site conditions. … Sugar and black maples are found on a variety of soils and site conditions, but neither tolerates excessively wet or dry sites, and both grow best on moist, deep, well-drained soils. The space between the five pointed lobes of sugar maple leaves is U-shaped with a rounded base. North through all of New England, southern Quebec and Ontario, and the Canadian Maritimes. One exotic maple, Norway maple (Acer platanoides), is commonly planted as an ornamental and street tree and will attain tapable size. Birches have pores wider than the rays. The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) (hard maple, rock maple) is one of our largest and finest forest trees, growing to a height of 80 feet with a diameter of two or more feet. You will have to carry 2x as much sap from a regular maple as a sugar maple for the same amount of syrup. Like the white ash, the sugar maple is one of the few trees with opposite leaf buds. These four species share several characteristics in common. Sugar and black maple both grow in the shade of other trees (they are shade tolerant), and trees of many different ages (sizes) are often found in a forest. The sugar maples are found in almost all places in the United States. East to the Appalachian Mountains. Sugar and black maple are particularly attractive as sugar trees because of their high sap sugar content and the late date at which they begin growth in the spring. Naturalists lead maple-sugaring tours showing how to identify sugar maples, tap trees, and collect sap at this Mass Audubon property. Genetic research on sugar maple suggests that the sap sugar content of planted seedlings can be increased by controlled breeding. Sugar Maples can be identified based on the following characteristics: Other Common Names/Trade Names: Hard maple The leaves of the Sugar Maple usually have five squarish, shallow lobes. Fruits mature in fall. Identifying a tree as a red maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.4) is done from the leaves by observing the 3 lobes (occasionally 5), the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves and the small teeth along the margin; from the bark of older trees by the presence of the scaly plates; from the twig by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short, blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the lack of an offensive odor when the bark of the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its severe V-shape and size. Young trees up to 4-8 inches with a smooth light gray bark, developing into gray or black ridges and ultimately narrow scaly plates. Sugar Maple ( Acer saccharum) Lobes pointed, but leaf margins smooth (not serrated) between points, with U-shaped regions in larger spaces between lobe tips. Uses: Veneer, lumber, furniture, cabinets, flooring, pulp The leaves of sugar maple trees are up to 8” (20 cm) long and wide. North through all of New … This is the geographic area of greatest abundance of sugar maple ( Acer saccharum) and black maple ( Acer nigrum ), … The presence of the Sugar Maple leaf on the Canadian flag illustrates the importance of this tree in Canada. Thinning or release cutting will substantially shorten the age-to-tapable-size. There are thirteen native maple species in North America (Table 3-1). Red Maple ( Acer rubrum) Buds conspicuous, plump, rounded, and red; side buds as large as terminal buds, and angled outward. Scientific Name:  Acer saccharum Hard maple or sugar maple trees produce a high quality timber and yield maple syrup. Nevertheless, large silver maple street trees are numerous in many areas and these are sometimes tapped as part of a sugaring operation. Flower: Light yellow-green, small, clustered, hanging from a long, slender (1 to 3 inch) stem, appearing with or slightly before the leaves in early spring. Identical or Nearly Identical Species: Black maple Restricted to the Pacific Coast, this tree is the … Unfortunately, the names of the two trees quickly became confused in the horticultural literature. The high sugar content of the Sugar Maple’s sap makes it ideal for tapping. at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy. The leaves are bright green and the underside is light green. Canada; The sugar maple tree may grow to a height of 40 metres (130 feet). Its rapid growth and ability to thrive on a wide variety of sites have resulted in its widespread planting as ornamental and street trees which are often tapped as part of a sugaring operation. Similar to sugar maple but twig surface with small warty growths (lenticels, which are not raised much above the bark surface in sugar maple) and often more hairy buds. Also, all four produce a fruit called a samara (or double samara), which is a pair of connected, winged seeds. This is the geographic area of greatest abundance of sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and black maple (Acer nigrum), the two most preferred and most commonly tapped maple species. If these species occur in a sugarbush it is important to be able to identify them. Sugar sand can cause several problems during the production process. The tree likes Sun to half-shade,brown leaf margins indicate a lack of water. Third, like red maple, the evaporation of sap from some silver maples produces an excessive amount of sugar sand. The 3 most popular type of maple trees are Maple Sugar, Red maple and Japanese Maple. This is a blog about tree branches: what they look like, how they develop, how they differ between species, and how you can use them to identify trees in winter. The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 40 m (131 ft) high.

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